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Saturday, August 23, 2014

Justice Tagging


In BTV this evening.

ntodd

August 23, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Agitation

Anthony on some of those outside agitators:

A rule of thumb about these kinds of groups that come in and try to hijack high profile local protests is that any of them that advocate or encourage violence are not in it for the benefit of the people who live there.  Those people will leave, the people who live there will be the ones who have to live with the aftermath of their exciting and titillating violence.  This is especially true when there is some intellectual program thought up in some other place, like San Francisco or by a bunch of white intellectuals who never have to live with the results of the violence they call for, when that violence has to stop, as it always does, the Revolution it was supposed to incite delayed for future opportunities. 

Especially stupid are the anarchists who would have all civil authority end, leaving communities to be governed by those who always rise up whenever the police leave, gangsters and gangsters who war with each other as they terrorize, rob and exploit the people who have no choice but to live there.  And I will repeat that, we know what would happen under anarchism because it happens in any section of a city or country where there is a vacuum of civil authority and police presence, the gangs take over.   The problem in Ferguson was that the police were a white occupation army in a black community, the answer to that is to have an effective police force which is part of the community.

Media types rely too much on the 'outside agitators' trope, but that's not to say there aren't opportunistic groups and individuals who are like revolutionary moths to the flame of unrest.  It's a pretty clear line the difference between supporting people in their struggle for justice and making it all about you and your precious agenda.

ntodd

August 23, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

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Friday, August 22, 2014

What Kind Of Country Are We?

Pierce:

The body they left in the street. For four hours. Ferguson, Missouri was a place where they left a body in the street. For four hours. And the rage rose, and the backlash built, and the cameras arrived, and so did the cops, and the thing became something beyond what it was in the first place. And, in a very real way, in the streets of Ferguson, the body was still in the street. What kind of place leaves the body of a boy in the street? What kind of country does that?

But Michael Brown and the protesters are the problem.

ntodd

August 22, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (1) | TrackBack

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Friday, August 15, 2014

Not Bowing Before The Altar Of Retaliation

RMJ notes that somebody finally does the right thing:

So this morning the hero of Ferguson is Capt. Ronald Johnson of the Missouri Highway Patrol, because he didn't take to the streets in a an MRAP or deploy another SWAT team or send everyone out heavily armored and armed in riot gear that made them look like Darth Vader wannabes.

He walked in a protest march in his shirt-sleeves.

If the militarized response of the Ferguson and St. Louis County police was the Dick Cheney response to the situation in Ferguson, this is the Martin Luther King, Jr., response.  This is the response of compassion and humanity, not power and authority...

And if we learn a lesson from it, maybe that lesson is that Dick Cheney's response is not the one size that fits all; and some of the simplest lessons of Dr. King, of compassion over power, humanity over demonization, are still valuable.

Hopefully somebody--everybody--actually studies the lesson...

ntodd

August 15, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Thursday, August 14, 2014

Speaking Of Massacres

There may be something instructive found in Boston and Kent.  Or maybe not.

ntodd

August 14, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Sunday, June 29, 2014

Occupy Stonewall

Read the whole thing, but these two grafs New Yorker piece boil down the issues of a successful movement:

Stonewall was the product of a handful of brilliant community organizers applying basic principles of social organizing. Without them, Stonewall would have been nothing more than one of several gay-bar pushbacks in the late sixties, or another one of the non-gay street demonstrations that characterized New York in that tumultuous time. It was the dedicated strategizing of the men and women of the nascent gay movement that turned something unremarkable into the Bastille. Their achievement is a field guide to how to make a social movement, and also offers insight into why Occupy is failing.
...
[S]o the myth of Stonewall began. Strategic, discrete, well-planned, original (in its time), the Stonewall march is the pure manifestation of how social movements succeed. It was the birthday party for Stonewall, not the birth the year before, that gave rise to the triumphant gay revolution.

Spot on.

I love rallies and marches, and a little decentralized, anarchic energy is good, too.  We need more than that.

Organization wins, in all campaigns, movements and revolutions.  Not guaranteed victory, but disorganization pretty much equals guaranteed failure, in large part because there's no follow-up to any successes achieved despite the lack of organization.

ntodd

June 29, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Tuesday, June 24, 2014

History Rhymes With Iraq

[T]he people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders [to go to war]. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.

 - Predictable Hermann Goering quotation

 

The war cost $2T (as predicted by people more credible than Wolfowitz) and a few lives here and there, so this is shocking:

According to a new CBS News/New York Times poll released Monday, 75 percent of Americans saying the war in Iraq was not worth it is up 8 percentage points from 2011, and up nearly one-third (30 percent) since August 2003. Republicans, Democrats and independents all agree — by large majorities — that the war which began in March 2003 was not worth any of the human or financial costs.

Half of Americans (50 percent) in the June 20-22 poll of more than 1,000 adults don’t think the U.S. has a responsibility to do something about the current ISIS-based violence in the Middle Eastern nation, including only 42 percent of Republicans who say the U.S. has any current responsibility for action.

About 80 percent of both Democrats and independents say the U.S. war in Iraq was not worth the costs.

Nice that the American people are skeptical about this thing some of us fought against so hard.  Maybe next time they won't be so easily brought to the bidding of their leaders.  Perhaps now we can denounce the architects of this disaster as warmongers who lack patriotism and exposed us to danger...

ntodd

PS--Reminded me of a decade-old post on our shiny new quagmire.


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June 24, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Saturday, June 14, 2014

Struggling For Any Justice Somewhere Is Struggling For Justice Everywhere

I have long advocated for fighting against bad stuff, though there's no requirement for loincloth and goats' milk.  So I wholly endorse what Loomis says here about activist snobbery.

I admonish people to get engaged.  Don't have to do what I do, or for the reasons I do it, just fucking do something.  Even frisbee revolutions have value.

ntodd


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June 14, 2014 in Conscience, Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (2) | TrackBack

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Nuke Iraq From Orbit, It's The Only Way To Be Sure

Or we can let the hawks weave their magic again.

ntodd


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June 14, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Saturday, June 07, 2014

The Start Of Gandhi's Life Of Crime

That half-naked fakir's first act of civil disobedience took place on this date in 1893:

A first class seat was booked for me. It was usual there to pay five shillings extra, if one needed a bedding. Abdulla Sheth insisted that I should book one bedding but, out of obstinacy and pride and with a view to saving five shillings, I declined. Abdulla Sheth warned me. 'Look, now,' said he, 'this is a different country from India. Thank God, we have enough and to spare. Please do not stint yourself in anything that you may need.'

I thanked him and asked him not to be anxious. The train reached Maritzburg, the capital of Natal, at about 9 p.m. Beddings used to be provided at this station. A railway servant came and asked me if I wanted one. 'No,' said I, 'I have one with me.' He went away. But a passenger came next, and looked me up and down. He saw that I was a 'coloured' man. This disturbed him. Out he went and came in again with one or two officials. They all kept quiet, when another official came to me and said, 'Come along, you must go to the van compartment.'

'But I have a first class ticket,' said I.

'That doesn't matter,' rejoined the other. 'I tell you, you must go to the van compartment.'

'I tell you, I was permitted to travel in this compartment at Durban, and I insist on going on in it.'

'No, you won't,' said the official. 'You must leave this compartment, or else I shall have to call a police constable to push you out.'

'Yes, you may. I refuse to get out voluntarily.'

The constable came. He took me by the hand and pushed me out. My luggage was also taken out. I refused to go to the other compartment and the train steamed away. I went and sat in the waiting room, keeping my hand-bag with me, and leaving the other luggage where it was. The railway authorities had taken charge of it.

And that's where Attenborough began his story...

ntodd

June 7, 2014 in Conscience, Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Thursday, June 05, 2014

Speaking Of Throwbacks


It was 25 years ago.

Tanks, tanks, tanks...

ntodd

June 5, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Monday, May 19, 2014

What Went Wrong With Operation American Spring

Apostasy:

I have a lot of respect for Col Riley, I believe he is a great patriot, but there were errors in the organization of the event. Early on I wrote to a number of people and stated that it is not a good idea to just pull a date out of a hat.It will be much better to find a date and time when a lot of people travel to DC anyways, such as tax day, 4th of July, memorial day, veterans day or an event when a team from a conservative state, such TX travels to DC and a lot of conservative fans travel with it. Nobody would listen to this comment.

Also, too, try to pick a day that won't be rainy.  And provide snacks.  BUT NO FRISBEES!

ntodd

May 19, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Monday, May 05, 2014

We Must Try To Radicalize The American People

Once more with feelingKent State didn't shut down protest.  It did scare folks, but it wasn't The Movement: it was the very people we were resisting who had a vested interest in the status quo.  When did The Movement fade away?  After they'd essentially won.

ntodd

May 5, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Sunday, April 06, 2014

With This, I Am Shaking The Foundations Of The British Empire


We will continue to provoke...

Just following up from last month.

ntodd

April 6, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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I Could Not See Because Of The Tears In My Own Eyes

[Congresswoman Rankin is] a dagger in the hands of the German propagandists, a dupe of the Kaiser, a member of the Hun army in the United States, and a crying schoolgirl.

 - The Helena Montana Independent Record


We're approaching the 100th anniversary of WWI's beginning, but that was all about Europe so who cares because we're Americans and it's all about us, right?  But today's significant because in 1917, we jumped in for a bit of the fun:

WHEREAS, The Imperial German Government has committed repeated acts of war against the Government and the people of the United States of America; therefore, be it

Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the state of war between the United States and the Imperial German Government, which has thus been thrust upon the United States, is hereby formally declared; and

That the President be, and he is hereby, authorized and directed to employ the entire naval and military forces of the United States and the resources of the Government to carry on war against the Imperial German Government; and to bring the conflict to a successful termination all the resources of the country are hereby pledged by the Congress of the United States.

Just a few days before, President Wilson had requested Congress recognize the reality:

With a profound sense of the solemn and even tragical character of the step I am taking and of the grave responsibilities which it involves, but in unhesitating obedience to what I deem my constitutional duty, I advise that the Congress declare the recent course of the Imperial German Government to be in fact nothing less than war against the government and people of the United States; that it formally accept the status of belligerent which has thus been thrust upon it, and that it take immediate steps not only to put the country in a more thorough state of defense but also to exert all its power and employ all its resources to bring the Government of the German Empire to terms and end the war.

And they obliged after a relatively good amount of debate, voting overwhelmingly to send Johnnie and his gun over there.  But support was not universal.  One who voted against was Jeannette Rankin:

[Rankin's brother] Wellington had told her she should vote a “man’s vote” in order not to jeopardize a bright career. Harriet Laidlaw had made a trip from New York to urge her to support the declaration. Suffragists had pointed out that if she voted against the declaration, she would hurt the cause.
...
[S]he did not answer the first [roll call]. “Unclejoe” Cannon, the Republican leader, thought she did not understand the situation. “Little woman,” he said, “you cannot afford not to vote. You represent the womanhood of the country in the American Congress. l shall not advise you how to vote, but you should vote one way or another—as your conscience dictates.” When the second roll was called and Jeannette heard “Miss Rankin,” she rose and with a shaking voice said, “I want to stand by my country, but I cannot vote for war. I vote No.”

The clerk could not hear for the hubbub on the floor and in the galleries. It was contrary to the unwritten rules of the House to make a speech during a vote. There was a scattering of applause. Some members shouted, “Vote. Vote. Vote.” The chief clerk asked if she intended to vote “No.” She nodded, pressed her hands to her eyes, and sat down. On went the vote: 373 for, 50 against, 9 not voting. The House adjourned at 3:14 a.m. Wellington, walking Jeannette home in the dark dawn of Good Friday, told her she had crucified herself. “You know you're not going to be reelected. You know there will be a lot of feeling.” She replied: “I’m not interested in that. All I’m interested in [is] what they'll say fifty years from now.”

The papers made much of Jeannette's vote. Although fifty men had also opposed the resolution, hers was the vote that attracted attention. She had wept, they said, just like a woman. Others said she did not. lt became a public issue: did or did not Miss Rankin weep? Fiorello LaGuardia, whose desk was near hers, said he did not know. “I could not see because of the tears in my own eyes.” He had voted for the declaration and four months later signed up in the Signal Corps. He had promised his constituents that if he sent them to fight he would go himself. The April 7, 1918, Atlanta Constitution said if there were tears, it was on an issue dear to a mother's heart. Tears did not prove her weak, it said, but womanly, and some day “tears will move all the women of the world to be consulted before the War Lords tear their sons from their bosoms.”

Jeannette said she did not cry. She had cried for a week and had no more tears left. The Congressional Record says she did not cry. Only a few months later, at a House hearing on woman‘s suffrage, a witness, explaining why women should not be allowed to vote and deploring their weakness, said, “Never was there a more eloquent confession of woman's inability to support the strains of a war council than that so pathetically made by Miss Rankin in that moment of national crisis...”

Fortunately, we've come so far since then that there is no longer such a sexist double standard.  And no more war, too.

ntodd

April 6, 2014 in Pax Americana, Soaking In Patriarchy | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Thursday, March 27, 2014

Dogs Are Subject To Laws, So They Can Believe In Dog

This. Is. Awesome.

During an interview with Family Research Council President Tony Perkins, Gohmert said that he was “shocked” to hear the Obama administration say that corporations could not form religious beliefs during Tuesday’s oral arguments before the Supreme Court.

“This is a Justice Department that has indicted corporations for forming intent to commit a crime,” the former Texas judge said. “Well, Tony, if you can as a corporation through your directors and officers, form the intent to commit a crime, then you can certainly, through your officers and directors form an intent to have religious beliefs.”

“And if every one of your directors and officers has the same exact religious beliefs, whether your Amish and have formed a corporation or any other religious group — Quakers or whatever the group is — certainly a corporation can, if they can have intent as the Justice Department repeatedly proves in court, then they can certainly have religious beliefs.”

So I no longer have to do my WTR through what was the only legal way (not earning enough money to have a tax liability).  I just have to form a corporation--one hopes it will be profitable--and refuse to pay corporate taxes based on my strenuous religious objection to funding the Military Industrial Complex!  

ntodd

March 27, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Warning Strike

Ah, good times in 1981:

At eight o'clock on Friday 27 March the factory sirens sounded from Gdansk to Jastrezebie and Poland stopped work. For the next four hours Polish society demonstrated its unity and self-discipline in the largest strike in the history of the Soviet bloc.

After that, the Polish government made enough concessions that Solidarity postponed a general strike.  By the end of the year martial law was imposed, but in less than a decade there was a sea change:

Poland became the first eastern European country to move decisively towards noncommunist government when, on June 4, 1989, Solidarity candidates decisively beat communist candidates in elections for the Sejm (parliament); on August 24, 1989, the National Assembly elected as prime minister Tadeusz Mazowiecki of Solidarity; and on September 12 it endorsed his proposals for a new coalition Council of Ministers dominated by Solidarity.

This change in Poland was in part the result of pressure from below in the form of popular resistance. Over a period of more than twenty years, the civil resistance of Poles, and especially of Polish workers, had contributed significantly to the evolution in the thinking of the party leadership. In this process, the strike weapon had been paramo~nt.~~ The strikes in the Baltic ports in the winter of 1970-71 had shown the capacity of such action even in the face of brutal repression; and many subsequent strikes and demonstrations in the next two decades had added to the party's malaise, while also provid- ing the pretext for the desperate move in December 1981 of the imposition of martial law.

In the course of the evolution of events in Poland in the 1980s, civil resistance had to be used with considerable care. Solidarity showed its power as much by its ability to restrain its followers as by its ability to unleash them. In December 1988, at a time of crucial deliberations on the future of Poland, one senior party figure, Mieczyslaw Rakowski, said publicly that Lech Walesa was "a different man from 1981" (the period of Solidarity's confrontation with the authorities leading to the imposition of martial law): Walesa was now said to favor gradual change and compromise with the ruling Polish United Workers' Party (PUWP).

The change in Poland was also the result of evolutionary changes within party and govemment organs. It occurred because the communist system of government was morally and had slowly come to recognize that fact.

But that can't happen here...

ntodd

March 27, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Thursday, March 20, 2014

Clicktivism Dilutes Action

Yeah:

Protests...fueled by social media and erupting into spectacular mass events, look like powerful statements of opposition against a regime. And whether these take place in Turkey, Egypt or Ukraine, pundits often speculate that the days of a ruling party or government, or at least its unpopular policies, must be numbered. Yet often these huge mobilizations of citizens inexplicably wither away without the impact on policy you might expect from their scale.

This muted effect is not because social media isn’t good at what it does, but, in a way, because it’s very good at what it does. Digital tools make it much easier to build up movements quickly, and they greatly lower coordination costs. This seems like a good thing at first, but it often results in an unanticipated weakness: Before the Internet, the tedious work of organizing that was required to circumvent censorship or to organize a protest also helped build infrastructure for decision making and strategies for sustaining momentum. Now movements can rush past that step, often to their own detriment.

I'd rather just sign a petition than escalate action...

ntodd

March 20, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Sunday, March 16, 2014

The Blood-sweetened Beverage

[S]o necessarily connected are our consumption of the commodity the misery resulting from it, that in every pound of sugar used, (the produce of slaves imported from Africa), we may be considered as consuming two ounces of human flesh.

 - William Fox, An Address to the people of Great Britain on the propriety of abstaining from West Indian sugar and rum (1791)

Over at dKos:

When I thought of boycotts in relation to people's movements, the first thing that popped into my head was the Montgomery bus boycott in the 1950s and Rosa Parks—that history is still being revisited to reflect the role of women in those battles. Though we learned a smidgin about slavery and the Civil War when I was in grade school, no one ever taught me about a boycott of "slave-grown" sugar, nor did I learn much about women who were abolitionists, other than a mention perhaps of Harriet Tubman leading enslaved people to freedom, and Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin."  

Well, imagine if we were taught about such things...we might actually understand collective nonviolent action can be powerful.  Can't have that because then everybody would turn into Quakers and the world would go to shite.

ntodd

March 16, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack

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Wednesday, March 12, 2014

March To The Salty Sea

What hope shall we gather, what dreams shall we sow?
Where the wind calls our wandering footsteps we go.

 - Sarojini Naidu


On March 12, 1930, Mahatma Gandhi gave some parting remarks at Chandola lake to those who came to see his party off as they began the Salt March:

There were rumours of my arrest last night. God is great, mysterious indeed are His ways. I am here to say good-bye to you. But even if I were in prison, with your strength I could come back...

[B]e prepared to offer yourselves as civil resisters. Let there be no flinching. Your way at present, however, lies homeward; mine straight on to the sea-coast. You cannot accompany me at present, but you will have an opportunity to accompany me in a different sense later. . . .

The purpose of the March and this satyagraha was, in part, to break the British monopoly on salt manufacture through a form of economic non-cooperation (Method 90: Revenue Refusal).  By making their own salt, Indians would deny a small, symbolic amount of tax monies to the Raj in defiance of an unjust law that was part of the larger injustice of occupation.

By itself, that action wouldn't amount to much, so Gandhi had to generate what we'd call buzz today, hence the March.  It generated popular interest in every locality his party passed through, and the media propagated the message far and wide.

Before embarking on this first stage of the satyagraha, Gandhi wrote to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin on March 2:

I know that in embarking on non-violence I shall be running what might fairly be termed a mad risk. But the victories of truth have never been won without risks, often of the gravest character. Conversion of a nation that has consciously or unconsciously preyed I know that in embarking on non-violence I shall be running what might fairly be termed a mad risk. But the victories of truth have never been won without risks, often of the gravest character. Conversion of a nation that has consciously or unconsciously preyed.
...
[I]f you cannot see your way to deal with these evils and my letter makes no appeal to your heart, on the 11th day of this month,1 I shall proceed with such co-workers of the Ashram as I can take, to disregard the provisions of the salt laws. I regard this tax to be the most iniquitous of all from the poor man’s standpoint. As the independence movement is essentially for the poorest in the land the beginning will be made with this evil. The wonder is that we have submitted to the cruel monopoly for so long.

It is, I know, open to you to frustrate my design by arresting me. I hope that there will be tens of thousands ready, in a disciplined manner, to take up the work after me, and, in the act of disobeying the Salt Act to lay themselves open to the penalties of a law that should never have disfigured the Statute-book.

It might seem odd at first blush to alert the authorities that you plan on breaking the law, but civil resistance is all about letting the people in power know what you're doing and why.  That way they can either amend their ways or be provoked into counterproductive actions that undermine their authority and give power to the resisters.

A few days before the March ended in Dandi, spoke at a prayer meeting:

Another piece of information that I have received is that the Government intends to use fire-engines to stop us. We have prepared ourselves for death from cannons and guns, compared to which this is nothing. Of course, even with jets of water, the Government can kill us through torture. It is certainly painful. However, you must bear in mind that not one of us will retreat. I do not think the Government will be so cruel, but we must be prepared.

The March arrived at Dandi on April 5:

That I have reached here is in no small measure due to the power of peace and non-violence: that power is universally felt. The Government may, if it wishes, congratulate itself on acting as it has done, for it could have arrested every one of us. In saying that it did not have the courage to arrest this army of peace, we praise it. It felt ashamed to arrest such an army. He is a civilized man who feels ashamed to do anything which his neighbours would disapprove. The Government deserves to be congratulated on not arresting us, even if it desisted only from fear of world opinion.

Tomorrow we shall break the salt tax law. Whether the Government will tolerate that is a different question. It may not tolerate it, but it deserves congratulations on the patience and forbearance it has displayed in regard to this party.

If the civil disobedience movement becomes widespread in the country and the Government tolerates it, the salt law may be taken as abolished. I have no doubt in my mind that the salt tax stood abolished the very moment that the decision to break the salt laws was reached and a few men took the pledge to carry on the movement even at the risk of their lives till swaraj was won.

If the Government tolerates the impending civil disobedience you may take it for certain that the Government, too, has resolved to abolish this tax sooner or later. If they arrest me or my companions tomorrow, I shall not be surprised, I shall certainly not be pained. It would be absurd to be pained if we get something that we have invited on ourselves.

Then on April 6 (as reported by The Bombay Chronicle):

When they made a beginning in the morning he had himself picked up more mud than salt, but after washing and cleaning he could get two tolas of pure quality which was sufficient for his day’s requirements. That was only a beginning but that signified great things.

In an interview, Gandhi suggest everybody ough to engage in this civil disobedience:

Now that a technical or ceremonial breach of the salt law has been committed, it is now open to anyone who would take the risk of prosecution under the salt law to manufacture salt wherever he wishes and wherever it is convenient.

My advice is that a worker should everywhere manufacture salt and where he knows how to prepare clean salt should make use of it and instruct villagers to do likewise, telling the villagers at the same time that he runs the risk of being prosecuted. In other words the villagers should be fully instructed as to the incidence of salt tax and the manner of breaking laws and regulations in connection with it, so as to have the salt tax repealed and it should be made absolutely clear to the villagers that this breach is to be open and in no way stealthy.

This condition being known they may manufacture salt or help themselves to salt manufactured by nature in creeks and pits near the seashore, to use it for themselves and for their cattle and to sell it to those who will buy it, it being well und- erstood that all such people are committing a breach of the salt law and therefore running the risk of prosecution or even without prosecution to be subjected by the so-called salt officers to harassment. Thus the war against salt tax should be continue...

Gandhi was not arrested at this point.  That would happen a bit later when the satyagrahis escalated, announcing their nonviolent raid on the Dharasana saltworks.  But this was a real turning point in the struggle, massively mobilizing the Indian people while not alienating more moderate members of the Indian National Congress.

Sometimes big things start with a mere handful of mud...

ntodd

March 12, 2014 in Pax Americana | Permalink | Comments (0) | TrackBack