NToddcast RSS Feed

Monday, September 24, 2018

The Kavanaugh Defense


I'm pre-law!  I thought you were pre-med.  What's the difference?

ntodd

September 24, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Putting The Budget Before The Court

I like how President Washington approved the bill to pay SCOTUS, the AG, et al, but didn't approve the organizational legislation that created those offices until the following day.  If you fund it, they will come...

ntodd

September 24, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Sunday, September 23, 2018

Apropos Of Kavanaugh

House Journal, September 23, 1789:

A mesage [sic] was received from the President of the United States, notifying that the President approves of the act, entitled "An act for allowing certain compensation to the Judges of the Supreme and other Courts, and to the Attorney General of the United States;" also, the resolve for procuring, from time to time, the statutes of the several States; and has this day affixed his signature to the same. And the messenger delivered in the said act and resolve, and then withdrew.

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do acquaint the Senate therewith.

The House, according to the order of the day, resolved itself into a Committee of the Whole House on the bill sent from the Senate, entitled "An act to regulate processes in the Courts of the United States."

Mr. Speaker left the chair.

Mr. Boudinot took the chair of the committee.

Mr. Speaker resumed the chair, and Mr. Boudinot reported that the committe had, according to order, had the said bill under consideration, and made some progress therein.

Resolved, That this House will, to-morrow, again resolve itself into a Committee of the Whole House on the said bill.

Betting they never thought that a sexual predator would be entitled to a SCOTUS seat, 'cept probably most of them were just like the entitled old white men and boys of today...

ntodd

September 23, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Saturday, September 22, 2018

To establish Post Offices and Post Roads

[The Post Office] is perhaps the only mercantile project which has been successfully managed by, I believe, every sort of government. 

 - Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations (Book V, Ch 2)


Obviously, Smith never met Congressman Issa...

Anyhoo, the Post Office has been around since before we had even declared independence--with Ben Franklin made the first Postmaster General--showing just how important communication in general and the postal service in particular is.  The Articles Congress passed An Ordinance for Regulating the Post-Office of the United States of America in 1782.  

Once the US Congress ramped up under our Constitution in 1789, the House wanted to continue the existing regime: 

[U]ntil further provision be made by law, the General Post Office of the United States shall be conducted according to the rules and regulations prescribed: by the ordinances and resolutions of the late Congress, and that contracts be made for the conveyance of the mail in conformity thereto...

But the Senate had other ideas, and on September 11:

Mr. Butler, in behalf of the committee appointed on the tenth of September, on the resolve of the House of Representatives, providing for the regulation of the post of flee, reported, not to concur in the resolve, and a bill upon the subject matter thereof;

And, on the question of concurrence in the resolve of the House of Representatives:

It passed in the negative.

Ordered, That the bill, entitled "An act for the temporary establishment of the post office," have the first reading at this time.

It's not apparent from the record how much, if any, debate there was on the bill.  It zipped through the Senate, and was passed even more rapidly by the House.  The act was extremely brief and its operation was limited through the next session, though it had to be renewed the following August, and again in March after that (when service was also extended to Bennington in the new state of Vermont!).

Regardless, today marks when the United States of America, in order to form a more perfect union, borrowed yet again from the Articles Congress and (re)created the position of Postmaster General.  Congrats to Samuel Osgood, to whom the honor was bestowed a few days later...

ntodd

September 22, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Interwoven as is the love of liberty with every ligament of your hearts...

Good presidents can't fit their good thoughts in 280 characters:

The unity of government which constitutes you one people is also now dear to you. It is justly so, for it is a main pillar in the edifice of your real independence, the support of your tranquillity at home, your peace abroad, of your safety, of your prosperity, of that very liberty which you so highly prize.

But as it is easy to foresee that from different causes and from different quarters much pains will be taken, many artifices employed, to weaken in your minds the conviction of this truth, as this is the point in your political fortress against which the batteries of internal and external enemies will be most constantly and actively (though often covertly and insidiously) directed, it is of infinite moment that you should properly estimate the immense value of your national union to your collective and individual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual, and immovable attachment to it; accustoming yourselves to think and speak of it as of the palladium of your political safety and prosperity; watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can in any event be abandoned, and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various parts.

Washington's Farewell Address, September 19, 1796.

ntodd

September 19, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Monday, September 17, 2018

Don't Cry, America

Today is notable, and not just because Ericka and I were supposed to get publicly married on a beach before a rainstorm postponed things for 24 hours way back in '16:

On the question to agree to the Constitution enrolled in order to be signed. It was agreed to all the States answering ay.
...
The members then proceeded to sign the instrument.

Whilst the last members were signing it Doctr. FRANKLIN looking towards the Presidents Chair, at the back of which a rising sun happened to be painted, observed to a few members near him, that Painters had found it difficult to distinguish in their art a rising from a setting sun. I have said he, often and often in the course of the Session, and the vicisitudes of my hopes and fears as to its issue, looked at that behind the President without being able to tell whether it was rising or setting: But now at length I have the happiness to know that it is a rising and not a setting Sun.

The Constitution being signed by all the members except Mr. Randolph, Mr. Mason, and Mr. Gerry who declined giving it the sanction of their names, the Convention dissolved itself by an Adjournment sine die-

But of course, we still operated under the Articles of Confederation (America, not me and Ericka).  So to extend the metaphor, would ratification be when the Republic began to show (or in today's parlance, the sonogram was posted on Facebook)?  And the actual birthday be when Congress first met under the new framework?

Regardless, Happy Constitution Day.  May it be whatever it it aspired to be someday...

ntodd

September 17, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Tuesday, September 11, 2018

Your Quaker sensibilities do us a gross disservice, sir.

So Washington got his ass handed to him at Brandywine on 9/11/1777, and Congress started to get gloomy intelligence in the aftermath, so they hightailed it to Lancaster on 9/27, and York (where they accomplished zilch) the following day.  John Adams wrote of it thus:

York Town Pensylvania,

My best Friend Septr. 30. 1777 Tuesday 

It is now a long Time, since I had an Opportunity of writing to you, and I fear you have suffered unnecessary Anxiety on my Account. In the Morning of the 19th Inst., the Congress were allarmed, in their Beds, by a Letter from Mr. Hamilton one of General Washingtons Family, that the Enemy were in Possession of the Ford over the Schuylkill, and the Boats, so that they had it in their Power to be in Philadelphia, before Morning. The Papers of Congress, belonging to the Secretary's Office, the War Office, the Treasury Office, &c. were before sent to Bristol. The President, and all the other Gentlemen were gone that Road, so I followed, with my Friend Mr. Merchant of Rhode Island, to Trenton in the Jersies. We stayed at Trenton, untill the 21 when We set off, to Easton upon the Forks of Delaware. From Easton We went to Bethlehem, from thence to Reading, from thence to Lancaster, and from thence to this Town, which is about a dozen Miles over the Susquehannah River. Here Congress is to sit. 

In order to convey the Papers, with safety, which are of more Importance than all the Members, We were induced to take this Circuit, which is near 180 Miles, whereas this Town by the directest Road is not more than 88 Miles from Philadelphia. This Tour has given me an Opportunity of seeing many Parts of this Country, which I never saw before. 
This Morning Major Throop arrived here with a large Packett from General Gates, containing very agreable Intelligence,(1) which I need not repeat, as you have much earlier Intelligence from that Part than We have. 

I wish Affairs here wore as pleasing an Aspect. But alass they do not. 

I shall avoid every Thing like History, and make no Reflections. 

However, General Washington is in a Condition tolerably respectable, and the Militia are now turning out, from Virginia, Maryland and Pensilvania, in small Numbers. All the Apology that can be made, for this Part of the World is that Mr. Howes march from Elke to Philadelphia, was thro the very Regions of Passive obedience. The whole Country thro which he passed, is inhabited by Quakers. There is not such another Body of Quakers in all America, perhaps not in all the World. 

I am still of Opinion that Philadelphia will be no Loss to Us.

Sometimes I get the sense that Adams did not appreciate people of my Perswasion, particularly a certain great Fortune and piddling Genius.  Sure, Quakers gave him cause for some frustration at times, and he wasn't the only one who found them to be difficult, but c'mon, man, give up the grudge.

Even Gloomy Gus Adams would feel a little sunnier in a few weeks (no thanks to any Friends, I'm sure)...

ntodd

September 11, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Monday, September 10, 2018

Every [American] values himself exceedingly

I know pretty much everybody has seen the news today, oh boy:

A white Dallas police officer says she shot her black neighbor whose home she mistakenly entered after he ignored her "verbal commands," police wrote in an arrest affidavit released Monday.

Even before there was a United States of America, John Adams relied on the Castle Doctrine in legal proceedings:

An [American's] dwelling House is his Castle. The Law has erected a Fortification round it—and as every Man is Party to the Law, i.e. the Law is a Covenant of every Member of society with every other Member, therefore every Member of Society has entered into a solemn Covenant with every other that he shall enjoy in his own dwelling House as compleat a security, safety and Peace and Tranquility as if it was surrounded with Walls of Brass, with Ramparts and Palisadoes and defended with a Garrison and Artillery.

So I expect the NRA and Donald Trump to weigh in on this matter with their exceedingly valuable thoughts...

ntodd

September 10, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Wednesday, September 05, 2018

It Was The First Day Of The Rest Of Their Lives

Monday, September 5, 1774:

A number of the Delegates chosen and appointed by the Several Colonies and Provinces in North America to meet and hold a Congress at Philadelphia assembled at the Carpenters' Hall...

[Yadayadayada]

A motion was made1 and seconded that a Committee be appointed to draw up some rules of conduct to be observed by the Congress in debating and determining questions that come under consideration, But after some debate another motion was made and seconded that the farther consideration of this question be deferred untill tomorrow, which was carried by a large majority. Whereupon a motion was made to adjourn, and the vote (?) being put, agreed that the Congress be adjourned to meet at this place tomorrow morning 10 o Clock.

John Adams recorded the day thus:

At Ten, The Delegates all met at the City Tavern, and walked to the Carpenters Hall, where they took a View of the Room, and of the Chamber where is an excellent Library. There is also a long Entry, where Gentlemen may walk, and a convenient Chamber opposite to the Library. The General Cry was, that this was a good Room, and the Question was put, whether We were satisfyed with this Room, and it passed in the Affirmative. A very few were for the Negative and they were chiefly from Pensylvania and New York.
...
Mr. Duane then moved that a Committee should be appointed, to prepare Regulations for this Congress. Several Gentlemen objected. I then arose and asked Leave of the President to request of the Gentleman from New York, an Explanation, and that he would point out some particular Regulations which he had in his Mind. He mentioned particularly the Method of voting -- whether it should be by Colonies, or by the Poll, or by Interests.
...
This is a Question of great Importance. -- If We vote by Colonies, this Method will be liable to great Inequality and Injustice, for 5 small Colonies, with 100,000 People in each may outvote 4 large ones, each of which has 500,000 Inhabitants. If We vote by the Poll, some Colonies have more than their Proportion of Members, and others have less. If We vote by Interests, it will be attended with insuperable Difficulties, to ascertain the true Importance of each Colony. -- Is the Weight of a Colony to be ascertained by the Number of Inhabitants merely -- or by the Amount of their Trade, the Quantity of their Exports and Imports, or by any compound Ratio of both.

This will lead us into such a Field of Controversy as will greatly perplex us. Besides I question whether it is possible to ascertain, at this Time, the Numbers of our People or the Value of our Trade. It will not do in such a Case, to take each other's Words. 

#MAGA.

ntodd

September 5, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Friday, August 10, 2018

What If John Hancock Had Twitter?

Delivered by the Mercury packet, August 10, 1776:

I am informed that the Continental Congress have declared the United Colonies free and independent States.

Social media woulda meant Britain had gotten the Declaration way sooner.  #IndependenceBitches

ntodd

August 10, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Monday, July 02, 2018

The Nation is wholly composed of Nobles and Serfs

Those princes, whom the ostentation of gratitude or generosity permitted for a while to hold a precarious sceptre, were dismissed from their thrones, as soon as they had per formed their appointed task of fashioning to the yoke the vanquished nations.

 - Edward Gibbon, The History of The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire


Before President Putin, there was George III:

Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and, of right, ought to be, Free and Independent States; that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connexion between them, and the state of Great Britain, is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.

Agreeable to the order of the day, the Congress resolved itself into a committee of the whole; ∥and, after some time,∥ the president resumed the chair. Mr. [Benjamin] Harrison reported, that the committee have had under consideration the declaration to them referred; but, not having had time to go through ∥the same,∥ desired leave to sit again:

Resolved, That this Congress will, to morrow, again resolve itself into a committee of the whole, to take into their farther consideration the declaration on independence.

It still took a couple more days of resolving into a committee of the whole to finally approve Thomas Jefferson's declaration of principles to announce and justify the separation, but today's when we committed, which is why John Adams thought the 2nd would have all the glory and celebration.  

Thus we see proven once again that the Founders were fallible and could not see into the future.  You know, like when our empire would fall just like all those written about in the classical texts they'd read.  SAD!

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! *  

July 2, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Tuesday, June 26, 2018

"Liberty presumes an autonomy of self that includes freedom of...certain intimate conduct."

Lawrence v Texas (June 26, 2003):

Had those who drew and ratified the Due Process Clauses of the Fifth Amendment or the Fourteenth Amendment known the components of liberty in its manifold possibilities, they might have been more specific. They did not presume to have this insight. They knew times can blind us to certain truths and later generations can see that laws once thought necessary and proper in fact serve only to oppress. As the Constitution endures, persons in every generation can invoke its principles in their own search for greater freedom.

Clearly the only protections afforded by V and XIV were guarantees that white people could eat whereever they want without feeling uncomfortable.

So please just ignore the other great opinions revealed on this date:

  • 2013: Windsor.
  • 2015: Obergefell.

Way better than today's bullshit...

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! *  

June 26, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Friday, June 15, 2018

We Live Here Now

US Senate, June 18, 1846:

The Senate proceeded, as in Committee of the Whole, to consider the treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, concluded at Washington the 15th day of June, 1846; and no amendment being made thereto, it was reported to the Senate.

Mr. McDuffie submitted the following resolution for consideration:

Resolved (two-thirds of the Senators present concurring), That the Senate advise and consent to the ratification of the treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, concluded at Washington the 15th day of June, eighteen hundred and forty-six.

The Senate, by unanimous consent, proceeded to consider the said resolution...

On the question to agree to the resolution,

  • It was determined in the affirmative,
  • Yeas ... 41
  • Nays ... 14

...
So it was

Resolved (two-thirds of the Senate present concurring), That the Senate advise and consent to the ratification of the treaty between the United States of America and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, concluded at Washington the 15th day June, eighteen hundred and forty-six.

Ordered, That the Secretary lay the said resolution before the President of the United States.

And here we are...

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! *  

June 15, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Thursday, June 14, 2018

Remember, The Bible Can Justify Anything

Remember when the Bible meant a woman couldn't be preznit?  And now it's all good to justify ripping families apart, just like Founding Father PGT Beauregard meant.  Nice to know that NOW, gummint is good and one should always follow the law to the absolute letter.

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! *   

June 14, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (3)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Tuesday, June 12, 2018

George Mason Would've Gotten An 'F' Rating From The NRA

From the Fifth Virginia Convention's journal:

Wednesday, June 12, 1776.

THE Declaration of Rights having been fairly transcribed, was read a third time, and passed, as follows, nem. con.:

A DECLARATION of RIGHTS made by the Representatives of the good people of VIRGINIA, assembled in full and free Convention; which rights do pertain to them and their posterity, as the basis and foundation of Government.

But George Mason, Co-author of the Second Amendment, appears to have really fucked up:

12. That the freedom of the Press is one of the greatest bulwarks of liberty, and can never be restrained but by despotick Governments.

13. That a well-regulated Militia, composed of the body of the people, trained to arms, is the proper, natural, and safe defence of a free State; that Standing Armies, in time of peace, should be avoided as dangerous to liberty; and that, in all cases, the military should be under strict subordination to, and governed by, the civil power.

Weird that the Militia was meant to defend the State, not the People from the State, and wasn't identified as one of the greatest bulwarks of liberty.

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! *   

June 12, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution, RKBA | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Friday, June 08, 2018

Parchment Barriers Were Made To Be Trumped

A motion was made and seconded, that the House do come to a resolution, stating certain specific amendments, proper to be proposed by Congress to the Legislatures of the States, to become, if ratified by three-fourths thereof, part of the Constitution of the United States.

 - Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, Monday, June 8, 1789

Father of the Constitution, James Madison, made some notes other than the famous ones he took in Philly.  These were for his introduction of what would become the Bill of Rights in the First Congress:

Objectns. of 3 kinds vs the Constn:
1. vs. the theory of its structure
2. vs. the substance of its powers—elections & direct taxes
3. vs omission of guards in favr. of rights & liberts
______
The last most urged & easiest obviated.
Read the amendments-
______
They relate 1st. to private rights-
______
Bill of Rights-useful-not essential-

Jemmy actually had announced his intentions on May 4, but when his target of May 25 rolled around, there was too much other stuff going on.  That's a major objection to Madison's move: we have, you know, a bunch of stuff to bootstrap this government under your precious Constitution, so why you bothering us with this crap now?

So he was given the blow off before he could started by several other Representatives with varying levels of disdain for the idea of amending the Constitution (some were for it, but not so early):

  • Smith (MD) was not inclined to interrupt the measures which the public were so anxiously expecting
  • Jackson was of the opinion we ought not to be in a hurry with respect to altering the constitution
  • Goodhue was opposed to the consideration of the amendments altogether
  • Burke thought amendments to the constitution necessary, but this was not the proper time
  • [Madison gets a word in]
  • Sherman was willing that this matter should be brought before the House at a proper tiume
  • White hoped the House would not spend much time on this subject, till the more pressing business is dispatched
  • Smith (SC) thought the important and pressing business of the Government prevents their entering upon that subject at present
  • Page thought those who dread the assembling of a convention would do well to acquiesce to the present motion
  • Vining said it was not the most facile subject that can come before the Legislature of the Union

Yet Madison kept at it.  Here's how he finally set the stage in June:

I am sorry to be accessary to the loss of a single moment of time by the House...

I will state my reasons why I think it proper to propose amendments, and state the amendments themselves, so far as I think they ought to be proposed. If I thought I could fulfil the duty which I owe to myself and my constituents, to let the subject pass over in silence, I most certainly should not trespass upon the indulgence of this House. But I cannot do this, and am therefore compelled to beg a patient hearing to what I have to lay before you. And I do most sincerely believe, that if Congress will devote but one day to this subject, so far as to satisfy the public that we do not disregard their wishes, it will have a salutary influence on the public councils, and prepare the way for a favorable reception of our future measures. It appears to me that this House is bound by every motive of prudence, not to let the first session pass over without proposing to the State Legislatures some things to be incorporated into the constitution, that will render it as acceptable to the whole people of the United States, as it has been found acceptable to a majority of them.

His colleagues still didn't buy what he was selling for a while.  But, duh, Congress eventually put a proposed slate of amendments to the Several States and it was ratified and everything was perfect in all the land.  Though we shouldn't forget, once again, acceptance of the Constitution and the BoR was not universal, nor does it confer unlimited rights.  Or these days, any rights..

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! * 

June 8, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Thursday, June 07, 2018

Make America Independent Again

So it began:    

Friday June 7. 1776. The Delegates from Virginia moved in obedience to instructions from their constituents that the Congress should declare that these United colonies are & of right ought to be free & independant states, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British crown, and that all political connection between them and the state of Great Britain is & ought to be totally dissolved; that measures should be immediately taken for procuring the assistance of foreign powers, and a Confederation be formed to bind the colonies more closely together. 

Introduction of the Lee Resolution, as written in Jefferson's notes...

ntodd 

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! * 

June 7, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Friday, June 01, 2018

It Is My Understanding Trump Can Pardon Himself After His Own Impeachment

Why can't we impeach Trump for exercising his pardon power?  Charging a preznit with preznittin' is as American as apple pie and structural racism.

ntodd

Contribute to keep this blog fading for another 15 years! * 

June 1, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (1)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Monday, May 07, 2018

Now We Love The Courts

Trump: Courts exist to protect me, not the rule of law.

ntodd

May 7, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)

NToddcast RSS Feed

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

Now, I don't claim to be an "A" student

I must study Politicks and War that my sons may have liberty to study...Mathematicks and Philosophy, Geography, natural History, Naval Architecture, navigation, Commerce and Agriculture, in order to give their Children a right to study Painting, Poetry, Musick, Architecture, Statuary, Tapestry and Porcelaine.

 - John Adams to Abigail Adams (May 12, 1780)

One of my favorite days to recognize.In the House of Representatives, 1800:

On motion,

Resolved, That Mr. Waln, Mr. Evans, and Mr. Powell, be a committee, jointly, with such committee as may be appointed on the part of the Senate, for the purpose of making out a catalogue of books, and adopting the best mode of procuring a Library for the use of Congress, at the City of Washington, and for establishing a system of rules and regulations relative thereto.

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House do acquaint the Senate therewith.

The Senate followed suit the following Monday.  The legislation--an act to move the Federal government to Washington, which contained one section about establishing a library--had been approved the day before:

[F]or the purchase of such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress at the said city of Washington, and for fitting up a suitable apartment for containing them and for placing them therein, the sum of five thousand dollars shall be, and hereby is appropriated; and that the said purchase shall be made by the Secretary of the Senate and the Clerk of the House of Representatives, pursuant to such directions as shall be given, and such catalogue as shall be furnished by a joint committee of both houses of Congress to be appointed for that purpose; and that the said books shall be placed in one suitable apartment in the capitol in the said city, for the use of both houses of Congress and the members thereof, according to such regulations as the committee aforesaid shall devise and establish.

Anyway, it's fitting that all this bloggy information comes from the Library of Congress through the miracle of a network first developed by a US government agency that is not mentioned in the Constitution.  And equally fitting they named its legislative information site after Thomas Jefferson, who made his book collection available to Congress after the British burned Washington:

Jefferson offered to sell his library to Congress as a replacement for the collection destroyed by the British during the War of 1812. Congress purchased Jefferson's library for $23,950 in 1815. A second fire on Christmas Eve of 1851, destroyed nearly two thirds of the 6,487 volumes Congress had purchased from Jefferson.

The LoC is much more than just a collection of books today.  Perhaps that is why Adams (and Jefferson) studied War...

ntodd

April 24, 2018 in Constitution, Schmonstitution | Permalink | Comments (0)